Hip and groin injuries are common in sports and of primary focus in PMR-C. Hip and groin injuries have not been scientifically investigated to the same extent as e.g. injuries to the knee and shoulder. Complex clinical scenarios and multiple diagnoses in the hip- and groin region make it challenging for researchers and clinicians to include effective diagnostic tools, and relevant functional assessment procedures, for pathology in these regions. In randomized controlled trials on prevention and treatment, specific exercises have been shown to be effective in reducing or recovering troublesome injuries, such as acute and overuse muscle-tendinous problems in the hip and groin region. In addition, several new and simple exercise-based approaches have recently been investigated for their physiological effects, showing great promise. This new research highlights specific exercises that induce relevant contraction improvements, such as eccentric strength-improvements, and optimal neuromuscular activation patterns, making these exercises relevant for future prevention and treatment of specific muscle-tendon problems, in the hip and groin.
Hölmich P, Uhrskou P, Ulnits L, Kanstrup IL, Nielsen MB, Bjerg AM, Krogsgaard K (1999). Effectiveness of active physical training as treatment for long-standing adductor-related groin pain in athletes: randomised trial. Lancet 353: 439-443.
Petersen J, Thorborg K, Nielsen MB, Budtz-Jørgensen E, Hölmich P (2011). Preventive effect of eccentric training on acute hamstring injuries in men’s soccer: a cluster-randomized controlled trial. Am J Sports Med 39: 2296-2303.
Groin pain in soccer players